The Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights is the latest standard-setting instrument on bioethics. This Declaration serves as a legal reference and a basis for reection on such critical issues as human cloning. The International Declaration on Human Genetic Data, added in , sets out the ethical principles that should govern the collection, processing, storage and use of data extracted from biological samples: blood, tissue, saliva, sperm, etc.
In the field of ethics, science and technology, UNESCO focuses on emerging ethical challenges: nanotechnologies, converging technologies, biometrics and biosecurity.
Created in to meet the growing challenge presented by scientic and technological advances, the World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology brings together leading intellectuals and scientists. After developing ethical guidelines for fresh water, energy, the information society, outer space and nanotechnologies, COMEST is currently focusing on two main areas: environmental ethics, with particular reference to the social and human implications of global climate change, and science ethics, with particular reference to the status of scientic researchers and the regulation of scientic conduct.
GEOBS is a system of databases, freely accessible online in the six ocial languages of UNESCO with worldwide coverage in bioethics and other areas of applied ethics in science and technology. It helps identify experts in ethics, ethics committees, ethics institutes and centres, ethics teaching programs, legislation in the area of bioethics, codes of conduct for scientists and resources in ethics UNESCO puts social and human sciences at the service of peace and development providing policy-oriented data on emerging social and ethical global challenges.
The compounded impact of the globalization processes induces a complex dynamic of transformations involving all social actors. UNESCO encourages the teaching of philosophy, which stimulates critical and independent thought, develops understanding of the world and fosters tolerance and peace. In , the Organization established World Philosophy Day. As an intellectual forum, UNESCO promotes international philosophical dialogues on contemporary issues relating to the promotion of a more equitable world.
In cooperation with public authorities, sport federations and the private sector, UNESCO promotes research on the social, economic, educational and cultural dimensions of sport with a view to contributing to governmental policies and eorts to make sport a tool for development and peace. Through the Coalition of Cities against Racism, UNESCO strives to make human rights and the struggle against discrimination and intolerance essential components of research and policy-making.
Promote cultural diversity by safeguarding heritage in its various dimensions and enhancing cultural expressions. Promote social cohesion by fostering pluralism, intercultural dialogue, and a culture of peace, as well as securing the central role of culture in sustainable development. A set of conventions has been established to ensure the protection and safeguarding of humanitys shared heritage in both its tangible and intangible forms. The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted in , led to the establishment of the World Heritage List, which as of April includes outstanding cultural and natural sites.
The World Heritage Centre is the permanent secretariat of this convention. The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, adopted in , creates an international platform to safeguard intangible cultural heritage, ensure mutual respect for the living heritage of communities worldwide, and raise awareness of its importance. The Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage, adopted in , entered into force in January It ensures protection for submerged cultural property against looting and destruction.
The Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions rearms the right of States to draw up cultural policies, recognizes the specic nature of cultural goods and services as vehicles of identity, values and meaning, and strengthens international cooperation to favour the cultural expressions of all countries. The Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, and its Second Protocol of , help rebuild broken communities, re-establish their identities, and link their past with their present and future.
UNESCO World Heritage sites / biospheres - Bern Region
Since , the Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property has provided a solid international platform for combating illicit tracking in cultural property. It encourages heritage policies that uphold respect for cultural diversity. Under the umbrella of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, UNESCO has created the Global Alliance for Cultural Diversity, which supports local cultural industries, including crafts, music, publishing and lm in developing countries, through public-private and North-South partnerships.
Communication and information Communication, information and knowledge are driving forces of sustainable development. UNESCO believes they must also become the basic tools for disadvantaged people to improve their own lives. To build inclusive knowledge societies, the Organization focuses on the human dimensions of the digital divide cultural and linguistic diversity of contents, access and empowerment of civil society. Promoting freedom of expression and information. Building capacities in order to ensure universal access to information and knowledge.
A key part of UNESCOs strategy consists of promoting access to information and knowledge, notably by creating ICT training opportunities, with special focus on women and young people; developing and distributing free software; and collaborating with private software companies for the benet of all. CMCs combine low-cost, easy-to-operate community radio with public access to the Internet and related technologies.
They inform, educate and entertain, but also give a strong public voice to the voiceless and encourage greater accountability in public aairs.
By providing policy advice and developing networks, it encourages governments to develop standards and legislative instruments to defend this principle. UNESCO also provides direct support to independent and pluralistic media, especially in countries in transition and in conict and postconict areas. It has also been working with the government and local media to develop new legislation mindful of press freedom and supportive of public service broadcasting.
UNESCO serves as a watchdog for press freedom by publicly denouncing serious abuses, including the assassination and detention of media professionals. It works to protect threatened individuals through diplomatic channels. The International Programme for the Development of Communication works to improve the resources of independent and pluralistic media in developing countries and those in transition.
The IPDC helps to fund projects from training courses to the modernization of news agencies and broadcasting organizations.
Project at a glance
Through the Information for All Programme, UNESCO fosters debate on the political, ethical and societal challenges of the emerging global knowledge society and develops guidelines and projects to promote equitable access to information. UNESCO helps libraries and archives make the transition to the digital age, for example, by digitizing parchments of the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences or extraordinary Arab and Islamic scientic manuscripts.
The documents include manuscripts, maps, books, sheet music, recordings, lms, prints and photographs. Through UNESCOs Memory of the World Programme, an international advisory committee maintains a registry to protect and digitize documentary heritage of universal value. Treasures include the oldest version of the Koran, known as the Mushaf of Othman; the most comprehensive. UNESCO has been a key participant in the World Summit on the Information Society, promoting the concept of knowledge societies and its four principles: freedom of expression, universal access to information and knowledge, equal access to education and cultural diversity.
How does it work? It meets every 2 years to determine the policies and main lines of work of the Organization.
UNESCO (UIS) | AMFIE
The Executive Board, composed of 58 Member States, is responsible for the execution of the programme adopted by the General Conference. It meets twice a year to examine the Organizations programme and budget. The Secretariat consists of the Director-General and sta. The Director- General is the executive head of the Organization. She formulates proposals for appropriate action by the General Conference and Executive Board and prepares a draft biennial programme and budget. The sta implements the approved programme. Under the current decentralization policy, sta members work in UNESCOs 65 eld oces and institutes around the world.
How is it financed? UNESCO also benets from substantial extra-budgetary funding to strengthen its programmes, especially in the eld, and to increase its outreach activities. It is the official data source for the education-related targets of the Millennium Development Goals and Education for All. The UIS also provides training and technical assistance to national statisticians to improve data quality and to develop new methodologies and indicators that better reflect emerging policy issues.
In short, the UIS seeks to provide the data to make a difference. Work of the artist and surrealist sculptor known for his thin and rigid statues that seem to be in movement. The sculpture stands 1.
The Commissions in Member and Associate States form a vital link between civil society and the Organization. They provide valuable insight for the Organizations programmes and help implement many initiatives including training programmes, studies, public awareness campaigns and media outreach. The Commissions also develop partnerships with the private sector, which can provide valuable technical expertise and nancial resources. Several fellowships and student grants are also available. Milestones War, the Convention served to extend copyright protection to numerous states not then party to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works The state rejoins the Organization in under the leadership of Nelson Mandela.
During the year campaign, 22 monuments and architectural complexes are relocated. In the decades following the Second World. The World Heritage Committee is established in and the rst sites are inscribed on the World Heritage List in Subsequent reports on the issue by the DirectorGeneral serve to discredit and dismiss the pseudo-scientic foundations of racism.
Similar series focus on other regions, notably Central Asia and the Caribbean. Ten years later in Dakar Senegal , the World Education Forum commits governments to achieving basic education for all by It now also includes sound, lm and television archives. She is the rst woman and the rst Eastern European to head the Organization since its creation. Riffet G.
ECO-UNESCO Privacy At A Glance
Akash Roni Amelan M. Becka Ariane Bailey J. Waeles Alison Clayson B. Vorentzoff R. Taurines D.
Roger G. Malempr B. Bisson A. Bailey Guido Villani Gary Masters. It also organizes press conferences and produces films and television shows. Its publishing house yearly produces and distributes over titles worldwide in English, French and Spanish on a variety of subjects reflecting the Organizations expertise.
Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed. Read Free For 30 Days. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next.
Jump to Page. Search inside document. And on a number of overarching objectives: Attaining quality education for all and lifelong learning; Mobilizing science knowledge and policy for sustainable development; Addressing emerging social and ethical challenges; Fostering cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and a culture of peace; Building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication UNESCO carries out these priorities and objectives within a results-based framework ensuring aid eectiveness, accountability and transparency. Among these are: A joint African position and specic decisions on climate change and the creation of an Observatory for Science based in Africa.
Implementation of the Second Decade of Education for Africa Coordinated action on African languages, the African diaspora and African arts and culture www.